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Dog and Cat Ear Infection: A Brief Guide

Ear infections 

Ear infections are a typical issue seen among our textured companions, particularly those with long ears. Ear contaminations can cause outrageous inconvenience and further medical issues whenever left untreated. 

There are numerous kinds of irresistible microscopic organisms, growths, parasites, and unfamiliar material which may cause irritation and disease in the external, center, or internal ears. 

Dogs’ and cats’ ear canals are shaped like a long, ‘L’. They are great for hearing, but this shape predisposes them to collect debris and moisture. As numerous proprietors know unreasonably well, ear infection in dogs and cats can be incredibly awkward.  The most common causes of ear disease include allergies, heat, and trapped moisture, excessive earwax, ear mites, foreign material like grass seed, or an unknown growth or polyp. 


Causes of pet ear infections 

  • Allergies 
  • Parasites 
  • Foreign bodies 
  • Hormone imbalances 
  • Tumors or polyps 
  • Physical trauma 

A few varieties, especially those with floppy or furry ears like Cocker Spaniels, Poodles, or Golden Retrievers, can be more inclined to ear contaminations. Be that as it may, they can happen in any variety.  

Solid ears are by and large pink, clean, and have an inconspicuous smell. A pet experiencing an ear disease could show various side effects. 

Symptoms of an ear infection 

  • ears appear red/inflamed, and a black/brown or yellow/green discharge may be seen 
  • strong odor 
  • constant ear scratching or shaking of the head 
  • swelling around the ear 
  • whimpering due to discomfort 
  • loss of balance 
  • hearing loss 
  • unusual eye movements 
  • walking in circles or head tilting 

Ears are exceptionally touchy. If you feel your pet may have an issue, if it’s not too much trouble, contact your neighborhood GRAH Vet. Having your pet’s ears analyzed by a veterinarian will permit them to decide if the eardrum is flawless or if there are any unfamiliar materials in the ear channel. Vets can likewise get an example for additional diagnostics. Your vet will analyze the reason for the issue and give the best treatment and home consideration intend to battle the condition and have your pet fit indeed. 


How are pet ear infections diagnosed? 

A thorough clinical examination, including examining your pet’s skin, assessing the eardrum to ensure it is intact coupled with taking a small sample of the ear contents and looking under the microscope will allow your veterinarian to determine the cause of the disease. Ear infection in dogs and cats include this excess of yeast and/or microbes and the higher populaces of these living beings help sustain the fundamental ear irritation. When a pet is in extreme pain and does not allow the examination, it may be necessary to sedate or anesthetize the pet for a more thorough examination and diagnosis. 

How are ear infections treated? 

By and large, ear drops can be applied to the influenced ear. On the off chance that there is an unfamiliar matter or abundance release in the ear waterway, the pet may be quieted or anesthetized so it tends to be taken out before the ear drops being regulated. Now and again, beyond what one sort of disease could be analyzed, and this may require the utilization of different drugs. Your veterinarian will suggest a custom-made treatment plan depends on the determination. 

At GRAH, we have a diverse and talented team of Veterinary professionals. You can trust the skills of our vets, leaving the care and treatment of your pet in their capable hands. Let us earn your trust by becoming one of our veterinary families at GRAH.  

Schedule A Pet nutrition service in  Kingston Appointment with One of Our Best Veterinarians Today 

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Skin Infection in Dog Kingston: My Dog Has Dry Flaky Skin and Scabs

Skin Infection in Dogs Kingston: Dry, flaky skin can be a sign of parasites that cause mange, such as the Demodex mite, canine scabies, and cheyletiellosis (Walking Dandruff), or it could indicate that your dog has lice. Diagnosing parasites that cause dry skin on dogs requires a trip to the veterinarian. 

10 Reasons Why Your Dog Has Dry Flaky Skin and Scabs 

There are plenty of reasons but you should be able to identify your dog’s problem among the following reasons. 

Below, you’ll also get to know how you can get rid of dry dog skin and finally free your dog from nasty itching and scratching. 

  • Allergies 
  • Parasites 
  • Yeast Infection 
  • Immune disorder 
  • Atopic Dermatitis 
  • Folliculitis 
  • Impetigo 
  • Seborrhea 
  • Ringworm 
  • Diet Deficiency 

Allergies in dogs: 

Allergies are common in all breeds of dogs and can cause itching, irritation, discomfort, and pain. Environmental allergens in dogs, like residue, dust, and shape, can cause atopic unfavorably susceptible responses or atopic dermatitis. 

Skin Infection in Dog Kingston

One of the first signs you will see is your dog itching himself more often than normal. He may also lick, bite, and scratch to ease the itch. 

Environmental allergies can include: 

  • Pollen 
  • Grass 
  • Pollution 
  • Products like dog shampoo, soap, and other cleaning products 
  • Even the laundry detergent you use on your own blankets and towels could be making your pooch itchy 
  • Food allergies are also possible 

Identify the source of your dog’s allergy with testing at the vet and proceed from there. 

It’s best not to expose your dog to the environmental trigger. Change diets or household products if these are the trigger.
Parasite control in dogs: 

Fleas, ticks, and mites are all pesky parasites that many dogs come in contact with at some point. They cause itching and skin issues. 

Mites can cause a kind of skin disease called mange. It is common, but painful and often seen in dogs that have been neglected. Ticks can go in size from 1mm to 1cm, so little unfed ticks can be very hard to distinguish. So, you need to protect your pet by Pet Parasite Control service.   


Skin Infection in Dog Kingston1

There are 2 types of mange: sarcoptic mange (also known as scabies) and demodectic mange (also known as red mange or Demodex). 

Parasites are a natural and common occurrence. Most dogs will get attacked by some kind of parasite at some stage in their life. 

They can be easily picked up from the environment (lawn, dirt, or gardens) or from other animals. 

Atopic Dermatitis 

Atopic dermatitis is an itchy skin disease. It is not contagious but dogs with a family history are predisposed and can pass it down from generation to generation. 

An allergic reaction happens when an animal breathes in something they are sensitive to such as dust or pollen. The allergic reaction causes the dog to rub, lick, bite or scratch. 

Immune disorder 

There are many different kinds of immune disorders. Sadly, a lot of them are not curable but can be controlled with medication. 

If your dog has an immune disorder, his immune system will attack itself causing illness and symptoms that can include skin issues. 

Yeast Infection 

Yeast infections can be seen on the skin and are a very common hazard. 

Yeast dermatitis or Malassezia dermatitis is caused by the fungus Malassezia pachydermatous. As numerous proprietors know unreasonably well, ear infections in dogs and cats can be incredibly awkward. The scratching, head shaking, and self-injury that is related to ear infections or ear inflammation can be incessant and may even keep pets and proprietors up in the center of the evening.   


Folliculitis is the fancy name for an inflamed hair follicle. It’s one of the most common skin problems a dog can suffer from. 

Folliculitis in dogs is most commonly caused by bacteria, but other culprits include: 

  • Parasitism 
  • Fungal infections 
  • Systemic disease 
  • Immune system disorders 
  • Endocrine issues 
  • Injury 

In this case, dry skin mostly occurs on specific spots where your dog may scratch himself violently. 


Canine impetigo is a common problem that usually appears on the face or paws. A rash turns into blisters with pus and then a yellow or brown crust will form when they burst. 

Skin Infection in Dog Kingston2

Unclean conditions will be a breeding ground for impetigo and puppies are especially at risk. 


Seborrhea or seborrheic dermatitis is a skin disorder. Basically, it’s dog dandruff. 

It usually shows on the back, face, and flanks and is worse in the folds of the skin. You will also see it in the bedding. 

The sebaceous glands of the skin make too much sebum causing scaly, flaky, itchy, and red skin. 


Ringworm is also called dermatophytosis and is very common, especially for dogs who live outside or on a farm. A red circle will show up on the skin. 

It’ll be itchy and can be scaly. Scabs and hair loss can follow if the dog is scratching a lot. 

Dogs can pick up ringworm from dirt and soil. It can be passed onto humans and is quite contagious. 

Diet Deficiency
A poor diet can cause a dog to have skin problems. 

If a dog is lacking the nutrients, vitamins, and minerals he needs, that can result in an itchy rash, skin irritation, and painful sores. 

This can have a snowball effect and your dog could be prone to infection by parasites. 

As your dog grows up, his diet requirements can change. Or if you suddenly have more time and your dog gets more exercise, a diet change may also be necessary. 

This list is not exhaustive. Sometimes dry skin is a sign of a more serious problem. For example, diseases such as the following may also display symptoms of dry skin: 

  • Cushing’s disease 
  • Skin cancer 
  • Hypothyroidism 

If you’ve ruled out every other cause, check with your vet to detect and treat the underlying medical issue. 

Is Your Dog Losing Hair Due to Dry Skin? 

If your canine friend is losing hair, there is a strong possibility he has a skin condition. 

A dog will instinctively itch and scratch himself when he has a skin condition. That will lead to hair loss. 

It’s not easy to discourage a dog from licking, itching, and scratching itself if he feels the urge. Take steps to ease the itching while you get an accurate diagnose of the cause. To help you understand the range of dog skin problems and identify the more obvious symptoms typically associated with each issue, we have summarised the most common skin infections in dogs.   

Skin Infection in Dog Kingston3


Check your dog all over for dry skin, flaky spots, and irritation. A trip to the vet might be needed if you feel it’s serious. 

If this is the first time your pet has developed a skin issue, you might find peace of mind by seeing your veterinarian. 

Usually, you can expect the hair to go back once the problem is treated and your dog stops itching. 

Below you can find some preventative measures and treatments you can apply at home to help your dog. 

Does Your Dog Have Crusty Scabs on His Back? 

A scab indicates a spot that has been scratched a lot. Then it heals with a scab forming on top of the sore spot.
If you have a short-haired dog you may be able to see crusty scabs on his back. 

On long-haired dogs, it will be more difficult to see. 

Check the whole surface of your dog’s body. See if there are any more scabs. If there are only a few, it is possible they were caused by some rough play outside. 

Watch your dog see if he’s scratching the area around the scabs. If it is itching more than normal you will know that the skin is irritated. 

You can try the remedies listed below or book an appointment with your local vet. 

A vet will do a physical examination and may run tests including blood tests, skin scraping, skin biopsy, and skin tests. 

What Does Dog Dandruff Look Like? 

Dog dandruff is white and flaky and can be seen in a dog’s fur. 

The flakes are small and are more easily visible on dark areas of fur. Also, you can see it in bedding, on the couch, and on the floor. 

The dog dandruff (practically dead skin cells) will come off any surface the dog hangs out. So you might also notice it on your car seats, sofa, carpet, and other places. 

Although messy, don’t worry as dog dandruff can be vacuumed up in a jiffy. 

Grooming will help eliminate some of dandruff that is coming off your dog. 

A specifically formulated dog dandruff shampoo is recommended to clear up the problem. 

How To Get Rid of Dry Skin on Dogs? 

Home remedies like coconut oil, apple cider vinegar, and baking powder can help ease and cure your dog’s dry skin problems. 

Your veterinarian will prescribe medication for an allergy. This will often cure the problem, but it can return if you stop using the medication and may have side effects. 

So, you can try to pinpoint what is causing the allergy and avoid the trigger or take the time to build a stronger immune system in case it’s still a puppy. 

Often identifying an allergy is a process that takes time. Eliminate what might be causing the allergy one by and one and watch to see a change in your dog. To help you understand the range of dog skin problems and identify the more obvious symptoms typically associated with each issue, we have summarised the most common skin infections in dogs.   

Start with the easiest ones like changing the type of dog shampoo you use. 

Skin Infection in Dog Kingston4

What about conventional methods like medication prescribed by your veterinarian? 

While I do like going the natural route, some cases of ringworms, infestations, or other diseases might require conventional methods, depending on severity and cause. 

So, what do vets recommend to get rid of dry skin on dogs? 

  • Vets might recommend antihistamines or fatty acid therapy for issues like Atopic dermatitis 
  • Antifungal creams 
  • Oral medication 
  • Antimicrobial or medicated shampoo 
  • Biopsy to confirm the cause 

If your dog just experiences itching and seems to be fine otherwise, you can treat your dog at home. 

So, what can you do at home to get rid of dry skin on dogs? 

  • Wash all dog bedding, blankets, and toys 
  • Deep clean house 
  • Hire a professional pest control company to eliminate parasites 
  • Provide your dog with a healthy diet (my Rottweiler is on a raw diet) 
  • Wash your dog with special shampoo 
  • Use coconut oil to get rid of fleas and moisturize the skin 
  • Vitamin E oil to help with skin issues 
  • Skin Infection in Dogs

How To Prevent Dry Dog Skin? 

You get some information about any medical problems or worries about your pets. pet preventive Services and discussions will be tailored to the life stage and lifestyle of your dog and cat.  To make sure your dog’s not getting any infections in the future, there are a couple of preventative measures you can take. 

  • Healthy Diet & Coconut Oil 
  • Bathing 
  • Grooming 
  • Medication 
  • Protection From Weather Conditions 

At GRAH, we have a diverse and talented team of Veterinary professionals. You can trust the skills of our vets, leaving the care and treatment of your pet in their capable hands. Let us earn your trust by becoming one of our veterinary families at GRAH.  

Schedule A Pet skin infection service in  Kingston Appointment with One of Our Best Veterinarians Today 

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Ear Infections in Dogs and Cats: A Brief Guide

Ear infections in dogs and cats are regularly brought about by microorganisms, yeast, or a combination of both. In little dogs, ear vermin can likewise be a wellspring of infection. Elements that may incline your cat to ear infections include Moisture, which can establish a great growing climate for microscopic organisms and yeast.  

As numerous proprietors know unreasonably well, ear infections in dogs and cats can be incredibly awkward. The scratching, head shaking, and self-injury that is related to ear infections or ear inflammation can be incessant and may even keep pets and proprietors up in the center of the evening.  

Other than the alleviation that proprietors look for their irritated or painful feline and cat mates, proprietors need to understand what messes ear up. Particularly when the ear issues are repetitive or constant, it is useful to understand a portion of the likely causes

Ear Infections in Cats11

Our cat and dog ear infections similar to ear infections in people? 

Most cat and dog ear infections just include the outside ear. In people, the sickness frequently includes the center ear. While a respiratory viral and/or bacterial disease is frequently the guilty party behind ear infections in individuals (think the normal cold), ear infections in cats and dogs are set off by irritation from an assortment of causes. Another distinction is that cats and dogs typically don’t “grow out of” ear infections, however in individuals, it is normally youngsters that are influenced and with age, the issue will resolve. 

How does inflammation cause an ear infection? 

Typically, the ear folds and the ear channels are lined by a cheerful, solid external skin layer (the epithelium). At the point when irritation is available, this layer gets blushed, thickened, and here and there exceptionally swollen. This aggravation alone can make a pet go off the deep end with tingling. The irritation factor rises dramatically when microbes and yeast that are typical occupants of the skin and ear channels blossom with this kindled surface and overpopulate.  

Ear infections in dogs and cats include this excess of yeast and/or microbes and the higher populaces of these living beings help sustain the fundamental ear irritation. First comes the irritation, and next goes to the disease. Nonetheless, as in many spaces of medication, we frequently allude to ear aggravation alone as an “ear infection”. 

Ear Infections in Cats

What are some causes of inflammation in the cat and dog-ear? 

Ear Mites:  

Seen all the more usually in cats, particularly if the cat is an indoor-outdoor cat or beforehand a wanderer. The parasites make the ears seriously bothersome and proprietors will regularly discover proof of self-injury to the ears or skin around the ears. Ordinarily, vermin are handily distinguished under the magnifying instrument (and some of the time during the ear test itself) and treatment can be a simple to-utilize skin item.  

All pets in a family, even those that are without indications, ought to be treated for ear vermin when we determine a pet to have this issue. Something else, asymptomatic transporters might be a wellspring of re-disease.
Food Allergy:  

This is an affectability or narrow-mindedness to fixing in the eating routine (normally the protein source). More normal in dogs than cats. In dogs, it might happen at whatever stage in life, yet about 30% of dogs determined to have food allergies are short of what one year old enough. Ear diseases are seen in up to 80% of dogs with food allergies and in 20% of these dogs, this is the lone side effect.  

At times different spaces of the skin are included, on different occasions, the ear issues are the solitary indication. A unique eating regimen utilizing a protein that is “new” to the pet or “broken” into little parts that the resistant framework doesn’t identify is generally the arrangement. The correct eating regimen is dictated by diet preliminaries that generally last at any rate 3 months. 


Includes an excessive touchiness response to ecological allergens, for example, dust parasites or dust. In cats, this is extraordinary and more uncommon than food allergies. The issue is regular in dogs, where the time of beginning normally goes from a half year to 6 years and side effects ordinarily show up somewhere in the range of 1 and 3 years old. Ear issues are found in 50-80% of atopic dogs and in about 5% of these dogs, this is the lone indication.  

Inside our cat populace, we see a lot more ear infections in the spring, summer, and fall when the dust is a factor. Atopy is a standard out determination since even typical creatures will have positives on the intradermal skin testing or blood tests that we use to think of hyposensitization treatment (sensitivity shots).  

Ear Infections in Dogs


Sensitivity shots and medications that hold the resistant framework back from responding against the allergens are the treatment of decision on account of repetitive ear contaminations where treatments like antihistamines, unsaturated fat supplementation, or skin treatments have neglected to diminish the recurrence of ear diseases. Steroids can likewise be utilized for more limited term alleviation, particularly if the sensitivity issue is occasional. It isn’t phenomenal for dogs to have both food allergies and atopy simultaneously. 


Before a dog with all-year ear issues is considered to have a food sensitivity or atopy, hypothyroidism (low thyroid levels) ought to be precluded with a blood board test. This illness is not difficult to address with a protected and everyday medication. 

Defects in keratinization:  

This includes the exorbitant emission of wax in the ear. A few varieties like Cocker Spaniels have more issues with ears when both keratinization imperfections and otitis externa are available. 

Inflammatory polyps:  

An illness that exceptionally influences our cat populace. Polyps (a sort of considerate mass) begin from the coating of various pieces of the catlike ear or even the nasopharynx (territory at the rear of the mouth by the throat). Side effects can be constant uneven ear diseases or respiratory in nature, contingent upon where the polyp begins. The medical procedure is the best approach to address polyps. 

What diagnostics are necessary to diagnose ear infections? 

A visual examination of a bothersome ear that is excited will show blushed, disturbed, and frequently swollen ear folds and ear channels. Alongside seeing indications of irritation, the presence of foul flotsam and jetsam indicates there is an optional infection of the ear.  

Minuscule assessment of material gathered on an ear swab is the best approach to authoritatively analyze ear contamination and can now and then distinguish the reason for the irritation (vermin). This cytology is significant on the grounds that it permits us to discover what organic entities are engaged with the issue (possibly comparable or altogether different every once in a while) and it guides treatment.  

Ear Infections in Dogs1

It likewise assists us with deciding the seriousness of contamination. Some ear contaminations brought about by an optional excess of the pole molded microbes called Pseudomonas can be very excruciating and hard to treat, frequently requiring non-routine medication for safe microorganisms. At the point when we see pole-formed microorganisms under the magnifying lens, the idea is to run a culture and affectability on an example of the ear material. 

How are ear infections treated? 

There are some possible ways to treat the ear infection: 

Part 1:  

One part of treating ear contaminations is tending to the possible excess of yeast as well as microscopic organisms in the ear. Except if we are managing the uncommon instance of inward ear contamination (otitis media), skin medications are accustomed to bringing yeast and microorganisms back into harmony. Contingent upon the show, effective medications will ordinarily be utilized for 1 fourteen days and most are regulated twice every day.  

Assuming society and affectability were performed on the ear, explicit medication coordinated towards given microbes will be picked. Sometimes, (for example, treatment for certain instances of Pseudomonas bacterial excess), the medication is put in an ear cleaning arrangement and this arrangement is utilized to top off the outside ear channel once to twice every day. 

Part 4:  

The ears ought to be reverified when treatment is done, or prior if the ears neglect to show improvement at home. A visual investigation of the ear trench with an uncommon instrument called an otoscope permits us to decide whether contamination has settled. The reverify visit is likewise an extraordinary chance to discuss long-haul treatment if the issue has been repetitive. 

Ear Infections in Dogs and Cats

Why is it important to treat ear infections in cats and dogs? 

Treating ear infections in dogs and cats as they emerge assists pets with staying away from torment and inconvenience. It likewise diminishes the danger of genuine long-haul issues. From ongoing aggravation, the ear waterway “redesigns” and this specific renovating project further incline the ear to more irritation and auxiliary infections.  

Simultaneously, it gets increasingly hard to clean the ears and apply prescription. Following quite a while of “terrible renovating”, the ear trenches and the ligament related to the ears may really solidify to the point that all clinical treatment neglects to help. By then, a medical procedure to adjust the ear channel is demonstrated.  

Hearing in constant cases might be undermined and if a medical procedure is shown, lasting hearing misfortune is frequently the final product. Tracking down the correct blend of treatment for constant ear issues is subsequently vital in giving both present moment and long-haul personal satisfaction. 

At GRAH, we have a diverse and talented team of Veterinary professionals. You can trust the skills of our vets, leaving the care and treatment of your pet in their capable hands. Let us earn your trust by becoming one of our veterinary families at GRAH. 

Schedule A Pet nutrition service in  Kingston Appointment with One of Our Best Veterinarians Today

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Vets in Kingston: Things to Know About Ear Infections in Dogs

The cause for most ear infections in dogs is either yeast or bacteria that are trapped in the ears. So far, ear mites, wax buildup, or allergies can also cause painful ear infections in dogs. In just a moment you will discover how to spot the usual symptoms of an ear infection. But any dogs with animal allergies or who swim a lot are also disposed to ear infections.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Veterinary Service. We are known as one of the Best Dog Ear Infection treatment vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Vets in Kingston: Things to Know about Ear Infections in Dogs
Vets in Kingston: Things to Know about Ear Infections in Dogs

The Common Symptoms of Ear Infections in Dogs

Among the most common signs of ear infections in dogs is grumbling, shaking the head, and pawing at the ears. After all, those ears hurt and your dog is trying to halt the pain. As you inspect the ears, though, you may find they smell or have a discharge. That’s common with ear infections.

Typical symptoms include:

  • Whining and shaking the head
  • Pawing at the ears
  • Odor
  • Brown or yellowish discharge
  • Redness
  • Scabs or crusty ears

More dangerous symptoms include hearing loss, loss of balance, and strange eye movements. Ear infections are often signing of an underlying condition. Sensitivities to fixings in the pet’s food or ecological triggers, similar to dust, shape, and residue parasites, are generally normal, yet anatomical irregularities, masses, unfamiliar material inside the ear, persistently moist ears, and hormonal issues are additionally conceivable.

Vets in Kingston: Things to Know about Ear Infections in Dogs
Vets in Kingston: Things to Know about Ear Infections in Dogs

Types of Ear Infections in Dogs

As vets know there are three types of ear infections otitis externa, media, and internal affecting different parts of the canine ear. These are common conditions in dogs, especially those with droopy ears. It’s estimated that about twenty percent of dogs have some form of ear disease.

Otitis externa implies that the irritation influences the layer of cells covering the external or outside bit of the ear waterway. Otitis media and interna allude to contaminations of the center and inward ear waterway, and they are frequently are an aftereffect of the spread of disease from the outer ear.

These further developed cases can be intense and could prompt deafness, facial loss of motion, or indications of vestibular sickness, for example, head inclining, orbiting, and absence of coordination. That is the reason it is essential to forestall and look for early treatment for ear issues.

Vets in Kingston: Things to Know about Ear Infections in Dogs
Vets in Kingston: Things to Know about Ear Infections in Dogs

Ear Infection Treatment:

The first step is cleaning the ear with a gentle cleanser, a veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston recommend or dispense an appropriate product during your dog’s appointment. In some cases, the veterinarian will need to calm your dog and do this in the office as it may be painful for your dog. Normally, but we will demonstrate cleaning techniques and even help you practice so that you can do this at home.

A compelling method to clean the ear is to fill the ear waterway with the cleaning arrangement, place a suitable measured cotton ball in the ear channel opening, at that point delicately knead the ear at the base. The cotton ball serves a few capacities.

It goes about as a top to the permit the liquid to go to and forward in the trench, it ingests the overabundance arrangement and it clutches the garbage as it comes up, telling you what is down in the ear channel. However long your canine endures it, you can clean the ear a few times until the cotton ball tells the truth. There are a couple of alerts when cleaning a canine’s ear.

Vets in Kingston: Things to Know about Ear Infections in Dogs
Vets in Kingston: Things to Know about Ear Infections in Dogs

If you have any anxieties about your dog’s ears, please contact us. Breed temper, lifestyle, and animal allergies can all contribute to the growth of ear infections in dogs and we are here to help you with both treatment and prevention.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have vets with years of experience who have done their jobs in the Veterinary Service incredibly.

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Parasite control Service in Kingston-Heartworm, fleas & ticks, is your pet protected?

Spring is in the air! The sun is (somewhat) shining and we all couldn’t be happier to arise from our cold weather hibernation and habits. Now that the temperatures are changing its time to face reality – creepy-crawly season is back and it’s time to get your pet protected!

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Cat & Dog Parasite Control Service. We are known as one of the best Dog & Cat Parasite Control Vet Clinics in Kingston.


Heartworm disease is spread through mosquito. For us in Ontario, this is a concern throughout the summer months and why we use prevention from June through to November. The life cycle of the heartworm begins when a female mosquito bites an infected dog and ingests the microfilariae (consider them the baby heartworms) during a blood meal. The microfilariae grow further for 10 – 30 days in the mosquito’s gut and then enter its mouth parts.

At this stage, they are infectious larvae and can complete their maturation when they enter a dog. The ineffective larvae enter the dog’s body when the mosquito bites a dog. They journey into the bloodstream and move to the heart and adjacent blood vessels, maturing to adults, mating and reproducing microfilariae within 6 – 7 months.

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Heartworm Testing

Here at the Usher Animal Hospital, we test all dogs for heartworm disease before starting them on any sort of preventative. As long as compliance has been met giving the medication for the required amount of time (typically June – November), we do not require subsequent testing to be done.

Heartworm testing requires a small blood sample to be taken with one of our technicians. The sample is sent out to our reference laboratory and results are reported by the next day. Our heartworm tests not only screen for heartworm disease, but we also screen for common tick-borne diseases as well.


Fleas can be a year-round issue, depending on where you live. However, in Ontario, the summer tends to be our typical flea season.  There are four stages to the flea life cycle:

Flea eggs are whitish and about 0.5 millimetres (mm) (1/32″) in length. They are unlikely to be seen without a magnifying glass. The eggs are primarily laid on the dog’s skin but fall off into the environment to continue their life cycle. Flea eggs establish approximately 50% of the total flea population. Eggs may hatch in as little as 14 to 28 days, depending on environmental circumstances. High humidity and temperature favor rapid hatching.

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Parasite control Service in Kingston-Heartworm, fleas & ticks Is your pet protected?

Flea larvae are about 2-5 mm (1/8″ to 1/4″) in length. They have a white body and a blackhead. They dislike cheerful light and move deep into carpet fibers or under furniture, organic debris, grass, branches, leaves, and soil. Flea larvae prefer warm, dark, and moist areas. Outdoors, larval development happens only in shaded, moist areas where flea-infested pets spend a significant amount of time. Our climate-controlled homes offer an ideal environment for the flea larvae to thrive.

The flea pupae produce a defensive silk-like cocoon that is sticky. It rapidly becomes coated with grime and debris, which acts as a useful camouflage. With warmth and humidity, pupae become adult fleas in 5-10 days. The adults do not appear from the cocoon unless stimulated by physical pressure, vibrations, carbon dioxide, or heat. This is important since once fleas emerge from the cocoon they can only happen for a few days unless they can feed.

Pre-emergent adult fleas can live within the cocoon for up to 9 months. During this time, they are resistant to insecticides applied to the environment. This is important to remember because adult fleas may emerge from their pupae into the environment a considerable time after you apply insecticides in your home.

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Parasite control Service in Kingston-Heartworm, fleas & ticks Is your pet protected?

Once it emerges, the flea adult, unlike the larvae, is concerned with light and heads to the surface to encounter a passing host to feed upon. Two days after the first blood meal, female fleas begin egg making. In normal conditions the adult female will live up to three weeks, laying approximately 40 eggs per day. The whole life cycle, from egg to adult flea can be completed in as little as 14-28 days depending on environmental situations.


Ticks are not only a concern in the four-legged community but for us as humans as well. We are all fully aware of Lyme disease and the health concerns involved.

The tick lifecycle involves four distinct life stages: egg, six-legged larvae, eight-legged nymph, and adult. Females sum from 3,000 to 6,000 eggs on the ground. Adult ticks pursue host animals and after engorgement on blood, they quickly mate. Male ticks typically die after mating with one or more females, although some may continue to live for several months. Females die soon after laying their eggs in protected habitats on the ground.

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Parasite control Service in Kingston-Heart worm, fleas & ticks Is your pet protected?

The life cycle needs from as little as 2 months to more than 2 years, depending on the species. After the egg hatches, the tiny larva (sometimes called a “seed tick”) feeds on a suitable host. The larva then develops (“molts”) into the larger nymph. The nymph feeds on a host and then molts into an even larger adult. Male and female adults feed and mate on the host; the female falls to the ground to lay her eggs, continuing the life cycle.

Parasite Prevention

Here at the Usher Animal Hospital, we provide an abundance of heartworm, flea, and tick preventative medications. Which product you choose will all depend on the lifestyle of your pet and their risk factors. Most pets that stay within the City of Toronto use a heartworm and flea combination product as Ticks aren’t as prevalent within the city itself. Pets that travel to northern parts of Ontario and visit cottages will often use a preventative that takes care of heartworm, fleas, and ticks since the prevalence is much higher.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal Hospital in Kingston. Our veterinarians can carry out specific testing to diagnose the parasites effecting the health of your pet.



Animal Hospital in Kingston Gardiners Animal Hospital Parasite Control Services

An Overview of Parasite Control Services at GRAH

Roundworms, Hookworms, Whipworms, oh my! A recent study found that 33.9% of dogs and 31.8% of cats that came from shelters were positive for an intestinal parasite. Pets that are left untreated for parasites pose a risk to other animals and humans. At Gardiners Road Animal Hospital, we recommend routine deworming and fecal testing for all pets. We saw many dogs and cats come up positive for roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms, and giardia with fecal testing.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Cat & Dog Parasite Control Service. We are known as one of the best Dog & Cat Parasite Control Vet Clinics in Kingston.

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An Overview of Parasite Control Services at GRAH

Roundworms are the most common intestinal parasite seen in cats and dogs. They are long and thin and can resemble spaghetti. Cats and dogs can be infected with roundworms by ingesting eggs that reside in soil, feces, and mice, and other small mammals. Puppies and kittens can also contract roundworms from their mother. Roundworms are a zoonotic parasite, which means they can be passed onto humans. Children are vulnerable to infection as they are more likely to put dirt and other contaminated objects into their mouths.

Hookworm eggs are passed in feces and hatch into larvae that live in the soil. Dogs and cats can be infected by ingestion through grooming or skin or feet contact. Puppies and kittens can be infected by ingesting their mother’s infected milk. Humans can be infected with hookworms through skin contact. It is often due to walking barefoot on a beach. Hookworms attach themselves to the intestinal lining and feed on your pet’s blood. It can lead to anemia and can be life-threatening in young pets.

Whipworm infection is uncommon in cats in North America but can be found in up to 10% of dogs in Ontario. Whipworm eggs are hardy, are resistant to extreme temperatures, and can remain in the soil for several years. Dogs become infected by ingesting eggs from their contaminated environment.

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An Overview of Parasite Control Services at GRAH

Tapeworms are long flatworms, made up of many segments. Segments look like grains of rice and can be found on your pet’s fur around its hind end. Cats and dogs can be infected with tapeworm by ingesting infected rodents or ingesting fleas during grooming. An emerging tapeworm, Echinococcus, is transmissible to humans and can cause major health issues to dogs and humans. Fortunately, it is still an uncommon parasite in Canada but is becoming more recognized.

Dogs and cats can be infected with giardia by contacting contaminating infected feces from other pets that are infected with this single-cell parasite. Transmission from dogs and cats to humans is rare.

What are some signs that my pet has intestinal worms?
Intestinal worms can cause gastrointestinal upset, such as diarrhea (with or without blood), vomiting, and inappetence. Lethargy and weight loss can occur with heavier infections. If a puppy or kitten has an abundance of intestinal worms, they can often have a pot-bellied appearance. Owners may also see full worms or segments of intestinal worms around their pet’s hind-end or in their fecal matter. Many animals with parasite infections show no symptoms at all.

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An Overview of Parasite Control Services at GRAH

How do we treat and prevent intestinal worms?
For dogs, there is deworming medication included in most heartworm prevention products. It means that they will be dewormed every month when receiving their heartworm prevention medication. There are topical and oral deworming medications for your cat. Healthy adult pets should have a fecal test done. Puppies, kittens, and new pets should be tested shortly after adoption. To reduce the possibility of transmission of parasites, it is recommended to pick up your dog’s feces in your yard daily. Thoroughly wash your hands after dealing with your pet’s urine or feces.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal Hospital in Kingston. Our veterinarians can carry out specific testing to diagnose the parasites effecting the health of your pet.