Some tooth wear is expected, but in some situations the wear can be extreme, resulting in an abnormal loss of the top layer of the teeth. This is called attrition. Excessive wear of pet teeth can cause problems, and there are many reasons this can occur in dogs and cats. Some of the most common causes of worn pet teeth are chewing on tennis balls and other toys as well as itching/chewing as a result of skin allergies. So, we will assist you with keeping your fuzzy buddies perky and sound.
At Gardiners Road Animal Hospital, we are giving quality Dentistry Service. We are known as excellent among various Dentistry Services in Kingston.
- Both hair and (tennis) balls are very abrasive and can cause severe wearing of the incisor and canine teeth (and occasionally the premolars too). You can think of hair and tennis balls as a Brillo pad. Tooth wear can progress to the gum line, and occasionally even below that.
- Another cause of severely worn teeth is chewing on things like fences, which wears down the backside of the canines and increases the risk of tooth fracture. Finally, malocclusion or bite problems (i.e. jaws that are not aligned properly, as in the photo to the right) can cause two teeth to come together and to wear on each other.
- Worn pet teeth can look like fractured teeth, but the edges and tips are generally smooth. If the wear occurs slowly, the tooth may respond by laying down extra tooth structure (dentin) in response to the tooth loss to protect the root canal (nerve). If this occurs, the tooth will generally stay alive, and may not require any therapy. The exposed dentin in the middle of the tooth will become stained and it usually appears as a light tan to medium brown color. Furthermore, when a protective layer of dentin is present, a dental explorer instrument will not be able to enter the root canal when performed an oral exam. In contrast, if the root canal is not protected, an explorer will sink into the root canal during probing/examination.
- In cases where the tooth is actually broken, or the wear occurs too fast or continues too far down to the gum line, the root canal is exposed and the tooth will become infected. Teeth with exposed root canals will generally have a dark brown to black center, as opposed to the light tan or medium brown color of reparative dentin, and which will allow an instrument into the canal. Teeth with direct root canal exposure are infected and require either root canal therapy or extraction.
- On occasion, wear can occur quickly enough to infect the tooth, but the tooth lives long enough to lay down a protective layer of dentin before it dies. These teeth will look like a living, worn tooth on the outside, but are dead on the inside. For more information, talk with our veterinarian—your key resource for information about the health and well-being of your best friend.
Reach Us Today!
On the off chance that you notice a stained tooth in your canine’s mouth, give Gardiners Road Animal Hospital Kingston a call today. Our group of veterinary dental specialists is specialists at surveying the condition of your canine’s teeth and executing proper medications to keep your canine solid and glad for a lifetime. Call us today or contact us on the web.