In light of the rabid bats outbreak in the Santa Clarita area, the urgency has increased to vaccinate your pets, and keeping your pets’ vaccinations up to date is crucial for protecting and preventing further outbreaks, veterinarians say. Vaccines are important because they protect your pet from acquiring certain diseases, some of which can be fatal.
At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Dog & Cat Vaccination Service. We are known as one of the best dog Vaccination vet clinics in Kingston.
Dogs and cats alike can start getting vaccines at 6 to 8 weeks of age, according to Vega, with booster vaccines recommended every three to four weeks until the pet reaches the age of 16 weeks. Vaccines are done this way as both puppies and kittens receive passive immunity from their mothers via colostrum. This passive immunity protects them from acquiring certain diseases.
That immunity starts to slowly disappear between 6 to 16 weeks of age. Therefore, it is during this time we vaccinate to build up individual immunity. The American Animal Hospital Association has developed dog and cat vaccination guidelines, separated into core and non-core animal vaccines.
Core vaccines include every dog and cat should receive, such as rabies. A non-core pet vaccine, such as the rattlesnake vaccine, is given based on lifestyle or environment. On average, core pet vaccines can range from $10 to $28 per dose while non-core vaccines are more expensive.
The distemper/parvovirus vaccine and FVRCP is usually one of the first core vaccines given to pets. A rabies vaccine is required by law to be updated every three years. When a puppy receives their first rabies shot they need to receive a booster one year later. After that, they are due for a rabies booster every three years.
“If an owner brings in a dog that was attacked or bitten by a wild animal, I always vaccinate them with the rabies vaccine just in case,” said Dr. Laura Ekman.
If an adult pet’s vaccine history is unknown, they will be vaccinated with the first shot, and expected to come back a year later for the booster and triannually after. Animal Vaccinations prevent pets from not only getting diseases but also from spreading them to other animals or potentially to humans.
Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal Hospital in Kingston. The veterinary team at GRAH will assess which inoculations are required, specific to your pets needs as well as age and stage of development, different vaccination packages are available at the clinic.
Gwen Kuykendall, co-owner of Kuykendall’s Border Collies and Goose Masters, wants residents to understand the importance of micro-chipping family pets to help track them and keep more of them from getting lost during storms and landing in animal shelters.
At Grah Kingston we are providing quality Cat & Dog Micro Chip Services. We are known as one of the best dog and cat Micro Chip vet clinics in Kingston.
We breed, raise and train high-end Border Collies for farms, Canada goose control, sports dogs and sometimes pets. Although our dogs are highly trained and can be commanded at a distance through verbal and whistle commands, anything can happen, they are still dogs, we’re not too proud to think they are perfect, so we recommend micro-chipping.
We will go even further and say that we think it is as important as vaccinating, de-worming for internal and external parasites and heartworm prevention. Plus, it’s very affordable — less than $50, it lasts the lifetime of your animal and can be done in seconds at a regular vet visit. We have collars on all our dogs with nameplates but collars can fall off or be taken off, microchipping is permanent.
Kuykendall wants to stress the importance of microchipping: If you’ve decided to microchip is something you’d like to do; this is the time to do it. Summer outdoor activities just put your dog at a greater risk of potentially getting lost. Travel in unfamiliar environments can cause added opportunities for animals to become separated from their families.
Even if a friend is watching your pet, fireworks, gunshots, and thunderstorms all play a role in dogs becoming frightened and bolting from us, their handler, or caretaker. Most of the time our dogs drop instantly on the lie-down command but if nervous or frightened they’ll continuing running and get away from us. Veterinary clinics have the means to micro-chip fur babies.
The process is simple — first the dog is scanned to be sure there isn’t a microchip already implanted, next the chip which is only about the size of a grain of rice is inserted between the shoulder blades right under the skin, most times your animal never even feels it.
Finally, the dog is scanned again to be sure the number shows up on the scanner. Most importantly is the final step of either filling out your personal contact information online or by regular mail and as important is keeping that information current if anything changes.
The chip only has a number associated with it so if a dog is lost the facility trying to locate the owner, they call the company and give them that number which is associated with the animal and the company whether it be Avid, Home Again, or MicroFindr. That company will then contact the owner; personal information is never given out. This is not a GPS tracker; micro-chips work on radio frequency to read the number on the chip. Typically, the chip stays in place but can move slightly around the body and very rarely dislodge from the body.
All facilities in the state of North Carolina are taking in lost animals, Veterinary offices, rescues, and pounds, all by law have to scan the animal so if your pet or working dog is lost and found and brought in to a facility the chances of you being reunited is very, very good.
If you have any questions regarding microchipping or wish to make an appointment for your pet visit our Animal Hospital in Kingston. At GRAH, we routinely provide microchipping service to pets in an easy and relatively painless manner.
Small animal veterinarians are commonly asked: “How do the costs add up so quickly for my Dog and Cat Dentistry procedure?” But first, we should discuss why a dental procedure might be recommended for your pet. It’s not just about sparkling white teeth and fresher breath, though those are among the many positive outcomes. Oral health matters for pets for the same reason that it matters for us: It’s all connected.
The mouth can act as a port of entry for bacteria, allowing infection and inflammation to move through the bloodstream to the rest of the body. Pets also suffer significant pain related to fractured teeth, infection of the gums, and abscessed or loose teeth.
General anesthesia is necessary to thoroughly examine your pet’s mouth. Some of the molar teeth are tucked so far back in the mouth, they can’t be seen well in even the nicest and most compliant pet. Think about how your dental hygienist performs an in-depth exam and cleaning, uses a dental probe to measure pockets along your gum line, and has you sit still for dental X-rays. None of this is possible for pets without anesthesia.
Pre-anesthetic blood tests help identify individual health concerns that could impact the pet’s procedure or cause potential problems during or after anesthesia. Some clinics have in-house laboratories that add cost but allow for rapid monitoring and response to anesthetic emergencies. Calming and pain-relieving pre-anesthetic medications decrease the need for other anesthetic drugs, improve safety, and lead to smoother recoveries.
Ideally, an intravenous (IV) catheter is placed to give drugs and fluids, though this varies between clinics. Catheters provide rapid access to the bloodstream in the rare event of an anesthetic emergency. IV fluids maintain hydration, electrolyte balance, and blood pressure to protect the heart and other organs. An endotracheal tube is placed inside the throat to deliver oxygen and gas anesthesia and to prevent inhalation of liquid and dental cleaning debris. Inhalant gas maintains pets’ unconsciousness and allows rapid adjustments in anesthetic depth.
Anesthetic monitoring equipment and protocols vary, but often pets are monitored by multiple staff members using advanced equipment. Pulse oximeters measure heart rate and blood oxygen levels. Additional equipment tracks heart rhythm and blood pressure, alerting the team immediately to dangerous changes. Careful temperature monitoring prevents hypothermia (perilously low body temperature) that may delay recovery and decrease anesthetic safety.
Dog and Cat Dental X-rays are crucial to understanding the health of tooth roots hidden below the gum line. Many teeth have multiple roots that may be considerably longer than the exposed crown, so we’re truly only seeing “the tip of the iceberg” if we don’t look below the surface. Some infections cause obvious gum changes or loose teeth, but others are only detectable using X-rays.
And without X-rays, root fragments may be left behind after tooth extraction, causing ongoing pain and infection. For optimal detail, some clinics have specialized digital Cat & Dog dental X-rays. As in human dental offices, drills, polishers, and hand tools are often employed. Ultrasonic scalers may be used to remove the thick calculus (mineralized plaque) that can accumulate on pets’ teeth.
Staffing and training also add significant cost. Your pet’s dental team ideally consists of a licensed veterinarian, one or two certified veterinary technicians, and one or two veterinary assistants. The veterinarian assesses your pet’s oral and overall health, directs anesthesia, performs dental extractions and surgery, and determines the post-dental plan.
The certified veterinary technicians play multiple roles: dental hygienist, a phlebotomist (drawing blood), anesthetist (pain relief), an X-ray technician. Veterinary assistants support pets’ core body temperatures to prevent hypothermia and maintain heart rates, oxygenation, blood pressure, general attitude, comfort, and cleanliness.
The need for extractions or surgical removal of oral tumors varies with each pet. Local nerve blocks are administered before these procedures for pain relief lasting up to eight hours. At some clinics, a laser may be used in the removal of abnormal gum tissue and acupuncture may be offered for pain, nausea, and anxiety relief. Antibiotics, anti-nausea drugs, pain relievers, and appetite support may be critical for a speedy recovery and are tailored to each pet’s comfort, anesthetic complications, and health status (e.g., insulin for diabetics).
The items above detail many of the costs involved in pet dental procedures, but what isn’t discussed is how concerned veterinarians tend to be about client costs. It’s considered a major stressor in veterinary medicine, a profession in which practitioners constantly worry about how to provide the best care for the pets and clients we love while still respecting individual family cost constraints. So, if your veterinarian recommends a dog dental care procedure, listen carefully and ask questions because we truly want what’s best for your pet and want to help you in achieving that goal.
Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal Hospital in Kingston. At our pet dental clinic, we have Pet Dentists with years of experience who have done their jobs in Cat Dentistry and Dog Dentistry incredibly.
Periodontal disease in pets is entirely preventable yet usually untreated, affecting most cats and dogs by age 3, according to the American Veterinary Dental College. At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Pet Dental Care Service. We are known as one of the best dog and cat dentistry clinics in Kingston.
Why should a pet owner care? A broken tooth can put your pet in pain.
Pet owners need to be on the lookout for tooth decay because there are few signs of gum disease, which can cause multiple problems in a pet’s mouth and spread to internal organs.
A broken tooth is incredibly common in dogs and cats. Teeth are tools for cats and dogs. Dogs can fracture a tooth in play biting chew toys, bones, rocks, or other hard objects. Cats often break fang teeth when slipping while jumping on and off of things.
“The problem is that animals don’t always tell us they’re in pain. They’re tough,” Delmain said.
The most obvious sign of a tooth problem is bad breath. It could be a sign of periodontal or another oral disease. Brown or discolored teeth and bleeding gums are also dental-health warning signs.
At the vet
Pets’ teeth are hard bone shells around a core of nerves and blood vessels, just like human teeth. If an infection is left untreated it can lead to an abscess forming. A fractured tooth can be sealed if it’s shallow, but if the fracture reaches the tooth’s pulpit needs to be removed.
A broken tooth requires a visit to the veterinarian, who can assess the situation. While human dentistry is about saving a tooth, pet dentistry is about the comfort of the tooth. If a veterinarian has to remove a pet’s tooth, the animal can do well afterward.
“A nicely healed area of gum is nothing to worry about,” she said.
Because two-thirds of a tooth is under the gum line, dentistry with anesthesia is necessary to get rid of plaque and tartar, for teeth cleaning and X-rays. Without it, cat and dog dental care can be scary.
Brushing at home
Regular dental checkups by a veterinarian should be augmented by brushing at home, Delmain. Be sure to use products approved for pets. Just like learning a new skill, getting a pet used to toothbrushing may take time. Start by letting your pet sniff the toothbrush and paste and try to work your way up to about 30 seconds of brushing on both sides.
Pet owners concerned about their pet’s oral health can look for products approved by the Veterinary Oral Health Council, which have undergone research and testing to back up claims for home dental care for pets, look for a square label the says “VOHC Accepted” on products that help control tartar and plaque build-up.
Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal Hospital in Kingston. At our pet dental clinic, we have Pet Dentists with years of experience who have done their jobs in Pet Dentistry Service incredibly.
Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in cats and dogs. Obesity is the accumulation of excessive amounts of adipose tissue in the body. There have been many studies done that show obesity can have damaging effects on the health and longevity of cats and dogs.
At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Cat & Dog Nutrition Services. We are known as one of the best dog & cat Nutrition vet clinics in Kingston.
There a few reasons why our companions are overweight; it is up to us to be able to identify when it becomes a problem. Food is probably the most obvious reason. We like to give our pet treats for coming inside, before bed, while they are in their crate, etc. However, we tend to forget our ‘treats’ are extra calories and empty calories with no nutritional value in them. Many treats also have more calories in them then what your pet needs in total for one day.
In which case, with these additional calories is where the accumulation starts. Treats are an important part of the training, but treats need to be limited and carefully picked for each pet. For my pets whose breeds are prone to becoming obese, I carefully choose their food and treats by choosing lower-calorie treats and also treats that beneficial to them.
By beneficial I mean helping combat problems such as dental and joint problems. I also know a lot of people feel the need to give their dog’s human food; this is ‘okay’ in moderation. If you would like to give your dog human food, stick to acceptable fruits and vegetables which are much lower in calories.
Another reason is when your pet is spayed or neutered, their metabolism changes due to the lack of estrogen and testosterone. We always recommend you switch their food to a weight management diet after surgery. Very few spayed/neutered pets can tolerate high-calorie foods. After switching foods, we recommend you monitor their weight in case you need to increase or decrease the amounts or switch to a lower calorie food.
Lack of exercise could also contribute to weight gain, and I do hear this quite a bit. I usually hear this a lot right around this time when people blame it on ‘winter.’ I do agree winter can sometimes interfere with our outdoor activities especially when it is icy or minus 40 outside. It is a pretty good excuse. However, there are plenty of indoor games you can play with your dog. For cats, there are plenty of games we can do with them too, to get them moving.
Unfortunately, there are consequences when we overfeed our pets. The added weight on their joints is hard on them. They can suffer from arthritis earlier than normal; in a sense, they are aging faster. Also, some cancers are more prevalent in obese pets. Some things we may not consider are our pets being clinically depressed because they are overweight and are unable to do some of their natural behaviors such as cats grooming themselves or dogs exercising and running around.
These activities take a lot more effort when they are carrying extra weight. A couple of diseases we also want to try and avoid are diabetes and hypothyroidism. If you are concerned about your pets’ weight, we are always here to help guide you and educate you. A good thing to remember is, if you can see your pets’ ribs or spine, they are too lean and if you can’t palpate their ribs or spine with a slight fat cover, then they are overweight.
Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal Hospital in Kingston. Ongoing proper nutrition, leading to optimum health and performance is an important goal for every pet owner.
You’ve shed the January blues, the weather getting ever so slightly warmer, and guess what? It’s also National Pet Dental Health. Why should you pay attention? It’s simple really: because if your pet’s breath smells bad, they could have dental disease.
We know the importance of our dental health. We wouldn’t dream of setting off for work in the morning without first cleaning our teeth and rightly so. For our pets, the same rules ought to apply; it’s important to look after our pets’ teeth, ensuring good health and freedom from disease and decay.
Dental disease begins with a small amount of plaque (formed of salivary deposits, bacteria, and food particles) forming on the tooth’s surface. If ignored, this can build up to form dental tartar (calculus), which in turn can cause marked gum disease and inflammation, leading to an array of pleasant conditions including gum recession, tooth root exposure, and decay of the periodontal ligament. Once severe dental disease manifests itself, your pet will require a scale and polish, but this will be the least of your worries as multiple tooth extractions can often be necessary.
Dental disease causes localized pain in the oral cavity and can affect the rest of your pet’s body too. The inflamed, damaged gums absorb the bacteria-ridden tartar and from there, it accesses the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body, affecting the heart and kidneys in particular. This can seriously impact your pet’s health overall, especially if they’re elderly, already unwell, or fragile in any other way.
If your pet has dental disease, the first symptom will more than likely be bad breath (halitosis). They could appear uncomfortable when they eat – often chewing with one side of their mouth or regularly dropping food.
Signs of Dental Problems:
Bad breath (halitosis)
Loss of appetite
Pawing at the mouth (or any other sign of the mouth being sensitive)
Preventing Dental Problems
As with most pet ailments, prevention is far better than cure. There are numerous ways to prevent dental disease:
Dental diets – Several pet food companies now offer dental diets, designed to contest dental disease. Dental kibbles of a particular shape, size, and texture have a mild rough effect and are formulated to clean your pet’s teeth as they chew. Dental chews/treats – They work in much the same way as diets. Be wary, however, as some of them contain a high quantity of fat.
Dental hygiene – Tooth brushing is the gold standard of dental care for pets and, as with humans, it should be done every day. Use an appropriate animal toothbrush and paste. Restrain your pet firmly but kindly, go from back to front in a gentle, circular motion. If they don’t like the toothbrush, let them get used to the process – and having their teeth touched – by putting a dab of toothpaste on your finger and cleaning that way.
Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have Pet Dentists with years of experience who have done their jobs in Cat Dentistry and Dog Dentistry incredibly.