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Animal Hospital in Kingston Gardiners Animal Hospital Surgery and Anesthesia Services Veterinary Hospital

Spay Neuter Kingston: The Pet Parents’ Guide to Spaying and Neutering

Except if they are being raised for reproducing purposes, all felines and canines ought to be spay or neuter when they arrive at a specific age. This anticipates undesirable pregnancies, decreases bothersome practices, and can even improve the wellbeing of the animal. Talk to your veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston to find out if your pet is ready to be spayed or neutered.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Surgery and Anesthesia Service in Kingston. We are known as one of the best Spay Neuter vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Spay Neuter Kingston: The Pet Parents’ Guide to Spaying and Neutering
Spay Neuter Kingston: The Pet Parents’ Guide to Spaying and Neutering

Taking a Closer Look at Spaying and Neutering

Spaying is the cycle to deliver a female feline or canine incapable to have litters, though fixing is the term utilized for males. For females, the veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston will surgically remove the uterus and ovaries. In males, the vet at vet clinic Kingston removes the testicles.

As long as there are no underlying health concerns veterinarians at veterinary clinics typically recommend spaying or neutering pets as soon as they are physically matured enough for the surgery. Kittens as youthful as about two months can be spayed or neutered. Puppies can also be neutered as youthful as about two months although numerous individuals stand by until they are around six to nine months old.

Understanding the Benefits of Spaying and Neutering

There are several health and behavioral advantages. Consider the following:

Females: Spayed females have a decreased pace of bosom tumors and uterine diseases. Moreover, they won’t go into heat. This forestalls conduct issues, for example, yowling and peeing in improper spots.

Males: Neutered males cannot develop testicular cancer. They likewise have a diminished pace of prostate issues. Besides, neutering protects male cats and dogs by restriction peripatetic. Also, it diminishes animosity and forestalls mounting.

Spay Neuter Kingston: The Pet Parents’ Guide to Spaying and Neutering
Spay Neuter Kingston: The Pet Parents’ Guide to Spaying and Neutering

Supporting Your Pet During Recovery

Your veterinarian at vet clinic Kingston will provide all the information you need to help your pet have a healthy pre-operative and post-operative period. After the surgery, your pet will need to rest quietly for a while. Keep him or her in a peaceful, shut off room away from different animals. Make an effort not to permit your pet to jump or run. Administer all medications as prescribed and don’t hesitate to call our vet clinic Kingston if you have any questions or concerns.

When your pet is ready to be spayed or neutered, you can count on the expert team at Gardiners Road Animal Hospital for safety-focused surgical services. Our veterinarians at vet clinics Kingston and vet techs treat your pets like family! Call our location in Kingston at +1 613-634-(KVET)5838 to set up an appointment.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have Spay Neuter Surgeons with years of experience who have done their jobs in the Surgery Service in Kingston incredibly.

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Dental Care Service in Kingston: Helpful Tips for Dental Cleanings Your Cat

You probably already know that it’s important to keep your own teeth clean. If you’re a cat owner, though, you may not realize that it’s just as crucial to ensure that your cat has clean, healthy teeth and gums. That means that it’s a good idea to dental cleaning your cat from time to time. If you’re wondering whether your cat will sit still for this, check out these useful tips.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Dental Care Services in Kingston. We are known as one of the best in dog dental care and cat dental care vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Dental Care Service in Kingston: Helpful Tips for Dental Cleanings Your Cat
Dental Care Service in Kingston: Helpful Tips for Dental Cleanings Your Cat

Remember to be patient.

Cats tend to be alarmed by sudden changes in their routine, so you’ll need to get your pet used to the idea of having their teeth brushed. Sit with your cat and gently rub their mouth with your finger for about 30 seconds. Do this daily until your cat is comfortable enough to let you rub their teeth. This may take some time. Once your cat allows you to do it without twisting, you’re ready to move on to the next step.

Use a special toothbrush.

To brush your cat’s choppers, you need a soft-stiffened brush that can easily fit your pet’s mouth. Ask your vet at vet clinics Kingston to recommend a toothbrush and toothpaste that are designed for cats. Avoid using the kind of toothpaste that you use, which can make your cat sick.

Try to brush every day.

Brush the teeth of your cat gently and remember that your cat may not tolerate having more than a couple of their teeth brushed at first. It’s a good idea to try to do this at least once a day. In addition, you should schedule annual pet dental cleaning in your vet’s office at vet clinics Kingston.

Dental Care Service in Kingston: Helpful Tips for Dental Cleanings Your Cat
Dental Care Service in Kingston: Helpful Tips for Dental Cleanings Your Cat

When your feline friend is in need of medical care, it’s time to schedule an appointment at Gardiners Road Animal Hospital. We provide safe and compassionate care for all of our animal patients and their families. We also offer pet grooming services.

Gardiners Road Animal Hospital strongly inspires kitten parents to get their feline’s teeth cleaned and polished on a routine basis. Our veterinarians at Veterinary Hospital in Kingston look forward to helping you prevent gum disease and tooth decay in your dog.

 

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Surgery and Anesthesia Service in Kingston: Preparing Your Dog for Surgery

Just like you would prepare yourself for surgery you’ll want to help your dog prep for theirs too. Preparing your dog for surgery and anesthesia service and having a post-surgery plan from your veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston will help ensure that they have a safe and comfortable recovery. This way you can get back to spending quality time with your loyal companion.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Surgery and Anesthesia Service in Kingston. We are known as one of the best Surgery and Anesthesia vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Surgery and Anesthesia Services in Kingston: Preparing Your Dog for Surgery
Surgery and Anesthesia Services in Kingston: Preparing Your Dog for Surgery

Before surgery

When you schedule your dog’s surgery, it’s a good time to talk with your veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston about pet medications that can help them with their recovery. Some questions you may want to ask include:

  • What medications are needed to manage pain after surgery?
  • Would my dog benefit from medications to help deal with anesthesia-related vomiting?
  • Will antibiotics be needed?
  • What about medications to help my dog deal with any necessary exercise restriction?

Your veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston will also walk you through surgery preparation topics like withholding food and will go over existing conditions or diseases your dog may have.

And don’t forget about the dreaded “cone” — if your dog will need one of those to help with recovery, now is the time to get an E-collar and begin to train your dog to accept it.

Surgery and Anesthesia Services in Kingston: Preparing Your Dog for Surgery
Surgery and Anesthesia Services in Kingston: Preparing Your Dog for Surgery

During surgery

When you bring your dog to the veterinarian at Grah Kingston, they may give your dog medications before surgery and anesthesia service to help reduce your dog’s level of anxiety and pain and help your dog relax. Once these pet medications have taken effect, your dog will be given anesthetics to provide general anesthesia (which will make your dog unconscious so they are not aware of the surgery). Depending on the type of surgery service, additional pain control medications may be given.

Anesthesia is safer than ever because of the advancement of anesthetic drugs and monitoring equipment. A veterinary technician or nurse will be assigned to continuously monitor your dog, ensuring that they are kept safe and comfortable.

Once the surgery is complete, your dog will be monitored until they can sit up and are fully conscious. Additional medications may be given during this recovery period to ensure a smooth transition from being under anesthesia to being awake. Medicine for pain control may be provided to ensure they have a comfortable experience.

Surgery and Anesthesia Services in Kingston: Preparing Your Dog for Surgery
Surgery and Anesthesia Services in Kingston: Preparing Your Dog for Surgery

After surgery

When you get your dog home, it’s important to get them eating as soon as your veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston recommends it. If your dog is still vomiting when they come home your Kingston Vet may prescribe an anti-vomiting medication.

Make sure to follow your veterinarian’s instructions on when to give your dog their pain and other medications to help them return to their normal activities as smoothly as possible and without complications. It’s important to continue giving their medication, even if they seem like they’re feeling better, to help them fully recover from surgery. A positive surgery experience from beginning to end will help reduce the level of fear and anxiety your dog may experience during future veterinary visits.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have the best Spay Neuter Surgeons with years of experience who have done their jobs in the Surgery and Anesthesia Service in Kingston incredibly.

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Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia

About eight of thousands of pets undergo general anesthesia every year in Canada. It may be scary to think of your pet under surgery and anesthesia, but it’s generally very safe: Recent studies show only 0.17 percent of dogs and 0.24 percent of cats die as a consequence of anesthesia.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Surgery and Anesthesia Service in Kingston. We are known as one of the best Surgery and Anesthesia vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia
Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia

Once the veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston schedules a pet’s for surgery and anesthesia service, the owner receives detailed instructions on preparing for general anesthesia, which includes withdrawing food and handling any ongoing treatments.

General surgery and anesthesia service are never a risk-free experience; however, significant advances in anesthetic and analgesic drugs and techniques have radically reduced the incidence of domestic animals dying during surgical procedures. Age, body weight, and general health conditions are among the most important criteria veterinarians at vet clinics Kingston use to assess a pet’s anesthetic risk.

A perfectly healthy young dog anesthetized for spay or neuter is extremely unlikely to encounter serious anesthetic complications, while the situation may be different for an elderly cat requiring extended anesthesia time for multiple tooth extractions or a moodily obese dog requiring even minor surgery for a skin laceration or superficial mass removal.

Pets can exhibit a wide range of reactions in a veterinary hospital in Kingston. Some animals maintain a friendly social behavior and do not seem affected while others appear intimidated, fearful, and anxious. Luckily, a variety of sedative and tranquilizer drugs are available to help settle them settle. Some of these drugs may be prescribed for at-home administration the day before a pet is scheduled for surgery and anesthesia service.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia
Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia

Stimulatingly, the veterinary community has learned a lot from their human medical counterparts in terms of the discomfort experienced by patients undergoing surgery and anesthesia service. For example, many people report suffering from post-operative nausea and vomiting. While it may be difficult to know that our pets experience nausea, it is reasonable to assume so. Veterinarians at vet clinics Kingston often use antiemetic and antacid medications to reduce this.

The management of pain during surgery and anesthesia service is probably the aspect of veterinary medicine that has undergone the most significant development over the past decades and once again, veterinarians at pet hospitals in Kingston have learned much from human doctors. It is now scientifically demonstrated and universally accepted that all animals feel pain, and all try to avoid it.

So, veterinarians at Grah Kingston apply the so-called multimodal analgesic approach before and during surgery and anesthesia service administering a combination of several drugs, each of which abolishes pain by a different mechanism. The combination allows veterinarians to use a much lower dose of each drug, significantly reducing the side effects with more complete pain control.

Specialized veterinary anesthesiologists can use local anesthetic drugs by targeting selected nerves that provide sensation to the area that requires surgery and anesthesia service.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia
Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia

At Veterinary Hospital in Kingston, every animal is strictly monitored during surgery and anesthesia service. Vital parameters including heart rate, blood pressure respiration rate, and body temperature are recorded every five minutes. This frequent monitoring and recording allow veterinarians and technicians to detect the slightest change in status and promptly intervene to correct any abnormalities.

When surgery ends, the pet is assisted through the recovery process. Sometimes regaining consciousness is a very smooth transition; other times, animals may appear confused and agitated, exactly like people undergoing a similar experience. Once again, dedicated veterinary personnel at Kingston vet know how to care for a pet during this delicate phase and can judge when the administration of tranquilizers or additional analgesia is indicated.

Once recovery is complete, the animal is usually left undisturbed to sleep and relax because the body needs time to recuperate energy and recover from the stress of surgery and anesthesia service. Though even during the post-operative phase pets are never left unattended and monitoring of vital parameters and periodic re-assessment of the adequacy of analgesia continues for several hours in the intensive care unit.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia
Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: When Your Pet Needs Anesthesia

Pets are allowed to return home only after the veterinary team at Animal Hospital in Kingston establishes that they have fully regained consciousness and appetite, and their vital parameters are all back to normal values. Analgesic drugs are frequently prescribed for use at home until a postoperative recheck.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have Spay Neuter Surgeons with years of experience who have done their jobs in the Surgery and Anesthesia Service in Kingston incredibly.

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Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: Top Reasons to Spay Neuter Your Pet

Spay neuter in Kingston is a surgical procedure that removes an animal’s reproductive organs. These trials are often recommended for many reasons as well as population control and long-term health. If you have questions about spay-neuter your pet in Kingston, contact your veterinarian at vet clinics Kingston for personalized information and advice.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Surgery and Anesthesia Service in Kingston. We are known as one of the best Spay Neuter vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: Top Reasons to Spay Neuter Your Pet
Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: Top Reasons to Spay Neuter Your Pet

Overpopulation

Animal overpopulation is an ever-growing problem across the world. Asylums regularly battle with their physical failure to house and feed the number of creatures they get. Spay neuter Kingston eliminates an animal’s ability to reproduce, reducing the number of animals requiring care. Thus, it is extremely important to spay-neuter your pet if he spends all or some of his time outdoors. However, even indoor-only pets should be spaying or neutering Kingston, as there is always a chance your pet could escape outside.

General Health

Spay Neuter is associated with a longer and healthier life in both dogs and cats. Spaying removes the chances of your pet developing uterine cancer or other uterine infections while also suggestively lowering her chances of developing breast cancer. Neutering male dogs can prevent the development of testicular cancer as well as reduce the likelihood of traveling away from home in search of a mate.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: Top Reasons to Spay Neuter Your Pet
Surgery and Anesthesia Service Kingston: Top Reasons to Spay Neuter Your Pet

Better Behavior

Spay or neuter your pet can often improve his temper and his behavior. Hostility, vocalization, and numerous regional practices, for example, pee checking or property obliteration, are generally determined by regenerative urges that can be disposed of by fixing male creatures. Spaying female dogs and cats remove their heat cycles which cause behaviors such as calling and increased urination or marking as well.

Gardiners Road Animal Hospital offers spay-neuter Kingston for dogs and cats in the Kingston area. We invite you to click through our website for more information about our veterinary practice and services. Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have Spay Neuter Surgeons with years of experience who have done their jobs in the Surgery Service in Kingston incredibly.

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Spay Neuter Kingston: When Should You Spay or Neuter Your Pet?

Spaying and neutering a dog or cat are a common practice in the Kingston. This procedure removes the reproductive organs so that neither a dog nor cat can produce a litter of puppies or kittens. Several owners wonder about the appropriate time to have their pet transformed.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Surgery Service in Kingston. We are known as one of the best Spay Neuter vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Spay Neuter Kingston: When Should You Spay or Neuter Your Pet?
Spay Neuter Kingston: When Should You Spay or Neuter Your Pet?

Between Eight Weeks and Six Months of Age

Veterinarians at vet clinics Kingston will spay or neuter dogs and cats when they are as young as eight weeks old. It is recommended that cats and dogs do not reach past six months of age before they are spaying or neutering. During this time both cats and dogs may become sexually matured. They may also show certain physical and personality changes that are unsatisfying to owners such as spraying urine, anger, and bleeding. It is best to spay or neuter pets before these signs begin or shortly after they have started.

Following a Recent Pregnancy

Some owners may prefer to breed their dogs or cats especially if they own pedigree animals. Other owners may have found a pregnant pet or did not understand their pet had reached an age of sexual adulthood. No matter the reason to stop further pregnancies it is counseled that female pets be spayed shortly after they have given birth and males be neutered shortly after they are eight weeks old.

Spay Neuter Kingston: When Should You Spay or Neuter Your Pet?
Spay Neuter Kingston: When Should You Spay or Neuter Your Pet?

Shortly After Rescuing a Stray Pet

In the event an animal was found on the street or with a rescue group, it should be spaying neutering in Kingston, if it has not been altered already. Rescuers should attempt to find the previous owners before any alteration is done. If no owners are found then the lost dog or cat should be spayed or neutered before being adopted.

We at Gardiners Road Animal Hospital offer all veterinary services, including spaying and neutering services in Kingston. Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have Spay Neuter Surgeons with years of experience who have done their jobs in the Surgery Service in Kingston incredibly.

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Surgery and Anesthesia Service: What to Expect When Your Pet Needs Surgery Service

Pets may need surgery service for several different reasons for spaying or neutering, to address an injury, or to treat certain growths or illnesses. If your dog or cat does need surgery and anesthesia service, you may be unsure of what to expect while your pet is on the operating table and as he recovers from the procedure.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Surgery and Anesthesia Services in Kingston. We are known as one of the best dogs & cat Surgery and Anesthesia vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service: What to Expect When Your Pet Needs Surgery Service
Surgery and Anesthesia Service: What to Expect When Your Pet Needs Surgery Service

It’s natural to worry about your pet during surgery, but your vet at the animal hospital in Kingston should provide plenty of information to reassure you of your pet’s safety and status. Keep reading for a little more on what you can expect.

Your pet will need extra attention.

Even with relatively simple procedures, your pet will need more monitoring and affection than usual, so you may need to take a few days off work or schedule your pet’s surgery service just before a weekend.

This way, you can be around to offer reassuring pets, provide medicine on schedule, and monitor your pet’s surgical wound for any signs of infection. Your vet at Veterinary Hospital in Kingston will give you a detailed list of what to look for and how to respond when you see any negative signs.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service: What to Expect When Your Pet Needs Surgery Service
Surgery and Anesthesia Service: What to Expect When Your Pet Needs Surgery Service

You may need to confine your pet to speed up healing.

Dogs and cats like to move around, but the more they try to be active directly after surgery, the longer it may take them to heal. You might need to confine your pet to a crate or small room for most of the day, scheduling regular potty and stretch breaks.

You will need to discuss the risks of surgery service with your vet.

Any surgical procedure will have risks, and these can increase in older pets as well as pets with certain existing conditions. Therefore, it’s important to have a detailed discussion with your vet before surgery and anesthesia service to explore every option and the risks of each. You might also seek a second opinion if your vet does not specialize in surgical care.

Surgery and Anesthesia Service: What to Expect When Your Pet Needs Surgery Service
Surgery and Anesthesia Service: What to Expect When Your Pet Needs Surgery Service

For exceptional wellness and surgical care service for your dog or cat in Kingston, connect with Gardiners Road Animal Hospital. Our surgical suite is outfitted with the most advanced technologies for feline and canine care, and we will spend plenty of time walking you through the details you need to know about your pet’s surgery service in Kingston.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have Pet Surgeons with years of experience who have done their jobs in Cats and Dog Surgery and Anesthesia incredibly.

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Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia

There may be a time when your cat will require surgery for his continued health. At the time of surgery, your cat will require anesthesia which will be carefully administered and monitored by our veterinary staff at Gardiners Road Animal Hospital. Knowing the rudiments about how sedation will be utilized in a feline medical procedure and the healing silly and bolts will assist with facilitating your brain while your kitty is under our consideration.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Surgery and Anesthesia Services. We are known as one of the best dogs & cat Surgery and Anesthesia vet clinics in Kingston open 7 days a week.

Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia
Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia

Cat surgery and anesthesia may be deemed necessary when a procedure needs to be performed where the cat will be immobilized or if the procedure would otherwise cause pain or distress that is beyond what the cat can comfortably tolerate.

We want you to feel comfortable with our Animal Hospital in Kingston, our staff, and our recommendations. Anytime a cat calming is recommended, we want to reassure you that our veterinary staff at Gardiners Road Animal Hospital is here to answer any questions and provide any help that will make the process easier for you and your cat.

Because cats have specific needs, it is important to make sure that veterinary services anesthesia protocols are followed properly to prepare your cat for surgery. We make it our precedence to ensure that your cat is in the best health before any cat surgery is performed. Therefore, our veterinary clinics in Kingston will always recommend some diagnostic testing before the procedure to ensure that we have a complete picture of your cat’s physical health.

Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia
Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia

Why Would Your Cat Need Anesthesia?

Cat surgery and anesthesia are used is an association with any type of procedure where it needs to be halted or during any type of surgery where the cat would otherwise feel pain. Cat tranquilizers allow us to keep your cat perfectly still and pain-free during the surgery. During surgery and anesthesia, your cat will be in an insensible state and will not feel any discomfort.

Risks Associated With Giving Cats Surgery and Anesthesia

There are always risks that come with any surgery, but the risks are very low thanks to the experienced veterinary team here at Gardiners Road Animal Hospital. Our veterinary clinic staff ensures that risks are minimized by performing careful and dependable monitoring throughout the entire time feline patients are under cat surgery and anesthesia.

What to Expect the Day Your Cat Receives Surgery and Anesthesia

You will receive a specific set of instructions from your veterinarian before your cat receives cat surgery and anesthesia or undergoes any surgical procedure. We will discuss with you any risks of veterinary service. Here are some things to keep in mind as you arrive with your cat for the surgery:

  • Fasting is required the night before any cat sedatives are administered
  • No food or treats for at least 12 hours before anesthesia, water is OK
  • Follow any specific directions given to you by your veterinarian
  • Depending on the type of procedure and your cat’s condition, our veterinary clinic may recommend additional prescription pain medications while your cat recovers
  • Ask any questions you may have and our veterinary staff will provide answers and help to ease your mind before or after the cat surgery and anesthesia is performed
Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia
Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia

Monitoring Anesthetized Cats

The veterinary clinic in Kingston surgical team will monitor your cat very carefully during and after the cat surgery and anesthesia is performed and throughout the time that they are under the influence of a cat tranquilizing. After your cat comes out of surgery, our veterinary clinic staff will:

  • Monitor your cat’s heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, oxygen levels, and carbon dioxide output levels.
  • Make sure your cat is breathing well and resting easily.

What to Expect As Cats Come Out of Surgery and Anesthesia?

The veterinary team at Gardiners Road Animal Hospital will continue to monitor your cat’s vital signs, heart rate, and blood pressure as he or she comes out of surgery awakens from any cat tranquilizers used and then prepares to return home. Your cat may feel asleep for some time after it goes home.

Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia
Surgery and Anesthesia Services: What to Know When Your Cat Needs Anesthesia

Our veterinary clinic staff will talk to you about your cat’s pain. Your cat may need pain medicine for several days and you will receive specific advice before your cat is free. If you should have any questions or concerns, please call Gardiners Road Animal Hospital right away. Some cats may not recover their taste until the next day. Always follow all instructions given to you by veterinary clinics in Kingston to ensure your cat’s full recovery.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal hospital in Kingston. We have Pet Surgeons with years of experience who have done their jobs in Cats and Dog Surgery and Anesthesia incredibly.

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An overview of Pet surgery and Anesthesia services at GRAH

The word anesthesia comes from the Greek meaning “lack of sensation”. Anesthesia is accomplished by administering drugs that depress nerve function. With general anesthesia, the patient is made unconscious for a short period. During this insensible state, there is muscular relaxation and a complete loss of pain sensation. Other categories of anesthesia include local anesthesia such as numbing a contained area of skin or a tooth, and spinal anesthesia, such as an epidural block, that results in anesthesia of a particular part of the body.

At Grah Kingston, we are providing quality Cat & Dog Surgery and Anesthesia Services. We are known as one of the best dog & cat Surgery and Anesthesia vet clinics in Kingston.

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An overview of Pet surgery and Anesthesia services at GRAH

What are the risks of anesthesia?

There is always a risk of an opposing reaction when we use any anesthetic agent, no matter whether it is for minor, short-term sedation or complete general anesthesia lasting several hours. It is generally estimated that approximately 1 in 100,000 animals will have some sort of reaction to an anesthetic agent. These reactions may range from slight swelling at the site of injection or a mild decrease in cardiac output, to a full-blown incident of anaphylactic shock or death.

Another possible danger associated with anesthesia arises if the cat is not properly fasted before anesthesia. Anesthetized patients lose the normal reflex capability to swallow; during swallowing, the epiglottis, a cartilage flap that closes over the entrance to the windpipe, avoids food or water from entering the lungs. If there is food in the stomach, the cat could vomit while under anesthesia or in the early post-anesthetic dated.

If vomiting occurs before the swallowing reflex occurs, the vomited material can be aspirated or enter into the lungs, causing aspiration pneumonia, a potentially life-threatening condition. Other rare difficulties of anesthesia include organ system failures such as kidney liver or heart failure, visual injury, clotting disorders, and seizures. Every precaution will be taken to minimize these risks when anesthesia is a necessary part of treatment.

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An overview of Pet surgery and Anesthesia services at GRAH

What can be done to minimize the risks?

Pre-surgical physical examination, preoperative blood, and urine tests, and radiographic examination may reveal clinical or sub-clinical problems. Certain medical situations will increase the risk of having an anesthetic complication. These conditions include heart, liver or kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, anemia, dehydration, and certain infectious diseases such as heartworm disease. Blood tests will rise the chance of detecting a hidden problem that could prove to be life-threatening. In older animals, chest radiographs and electrocardiogram (ECG) are often recommended to ensure there is no pre-existing pathology in the heart or lungs that might increase the risk of an adverse reaction.

Immediate intravenous access for emergency drug administration is one of the most important factors in the successful treatment of cardiovascular or respiratory letdown in either the conscious or the anesthetized patient. By placing an intravenous (IV) catheter and line before anesthesia, your veterinarian can ensure that this lifeline is already in place, should the necessity arise. Anesthetics, fluids, and emergency drugs can be managed through the IV line.

Intravenous fluids help sustain blood force in the anesthetized patient and will change lost fluids (during surgery, fluids are lost through evaporation from body cavity surfaces, through bleeding, and in any tissues that are being removed). Upon accomplishment of the process, intravenous fluid therapy speeds the recovery procedure by diluting the anesthetic agents circulating in the bloodstream and by improving their metabolism and elimination through the liver and kidneys.

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An overview of Pet surgery and Anesthesia services at GRAH

Patients that receive IV fluid therapy generally wake up quicker than those that do not. Moreover, studies have shown that 0.9 – 2% of all patients that receive general anesthesia will grow kidney dysfunction or failure 7-14 days after anesthesia. This risk is significantly reduced in patients that obtain peri-operative intravenous fluid therapy. Although 98% of all pets will have no problem, your veterinarian’s goal is to remove that unknown 2%. For these reasons, all general anesthesia patients should receive intravenous catheterization and fluid therapy.

You should confirm that your pet’s complete medical history is available to your veterinarian, particularly if your pet has been seen at another veterinary clinic. Earlier anesthetizing your cat, your veterinarian wants to know about any medications or supplements that your cat has received in the past few weeks, any pre-existing medical conditions, any known drug reactions, the results of previous diagnostic tests, and whether the cat has undergone any anesthetic or surgical events in the past. Other useful information includes the pet’s vaccine status and reproductive status (i.e. when was its last estrus or heat cycle).

Can you describe a typical anesthesia?

All anesthesia patients are weighed on admission and are given a thorough pre-anesthetic examination, which includes an examination of the chest, palpation of the abdomen, and assessment of the gums checking for hydration status and an indication of good circulatory status. After reviewing the medical history, additional diagnostics such as blood or urine testing, blood pressure, electrocardiogram (ECG), or x-rays of the chest or abdomen may be performed before administration of any anesthetic drugs.

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An overview of Pet surgery and Anesthesia services at GRAH

In the mainstream of cases, a technique called ‘balanced anesthesia’ is used. With balanced anesthesia, the patient receives a combination of sedatives and anesthetic agents that is suited to its individual needs. The most common combination is a pre-anesthetic sedative and analgesic combination that is administered by injection, followed by an induction agent that is also administered by injection; the anesthetized state is maintained with an anesthetic gas mixed with oxygen.

Pet owners are welcome to visit our Animal Hospital in Kingston. Elective surgery for your pet may become necessary when it is suffering from a disease or comorbidity that cannot be treated using topical creams, or medications alone. Any surgical treatment requires the services of a professional.